Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 - Null Pointer Dereference Exploit

2018-11-07
ID: 100123
CVE: None
Download vulnerable application: None
# Exloit Title: Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 - Null Pointer Difference
# Author: Gjoko 'LiquidWorm' Krstic @zeroscience
# Date: 2018-11-03
# Vendor: Microsoft Corporation
# Product web page: https://www.microsoft.com
# Affected version: 11.345.17134.0 (Update Versions: 11.0.90 (KB4462949))
#                   11.1387.15063.0 (Update Versions: 11.0.90 (KB4462949))
#                   11.0.9600.18282 (Update Versions: 11.0.30 (KB3148198))
#                   11.0.9600.17843 (Update Versions: 11.0.20 (KB3058515))
# Tested on: Microsoft Windows 10 (EN) (64bit)
#            Microsoft Windows 7 SP1 (EN) (32/64bit)
# Affected module: mshtml.dll
# Affected functions: Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay
#                     CTreeNode::EnsureNoDependentLayoutFixup
#                     CMarkup::BuildDescendentsList
# References:
# Advisory ID: ZSL-2018-5499
# Advisory URL: https://www.zeroscience.mk/en/vulnerabilities/ZSL-2018-5499.php
  # Desc: The crash is caused due to a NULL pointer dereference access violation inside the
# 'Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay' function while parsing malformed DOM elements. The issue
# was discovered using the Domato fuzzer.
  # Microsoft Internet Explorer 11 Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay Null Pointer Dereference
# PoC: https://www.zeroscience.mk/codes/msie11_nullptr_fuzz-33.html.rar
  # Trace:
################################################################################################
  (e9c.142c): Access violation - code c0000005 (!!! second chance !!!)
eax=21b9efa0 ebx=21b9efac ecx=21b9efa0 edx=00000000 esi=00000000 edi=187a8fc4
eip=63f04e48 esp=08c39ab8 ebp=08c39ac4 iopl=0         nv up ei pl nz ac pe nc
cs=0023  ss=002b  ds=002b  es=002b  fs=0053  gs=002b             efl=00010216
MSHTML!CTreeNode::EnsureNoDependentLayoutFixup+0x43:
63f04e48 f70600010000    test    dword ptr [esi],100h ds:002b:00000000=????????
0:007> k
 # ChildEBP RetAddr  
00 08c39ac4 63a52ddf MSHTML!CTreeNode::EnsureNoDependentLayoutFixup+0x43
01 08c39bd0 63a523c5 MSHTML!CMarkup::InsertElementInternalNoInclusions+0x1f3
02 08c39bf8 63a529d3 MSHTML!CMarkup::InsertElementInternal+0x3d
03 08c39c38 63a52a54 MSHTML!CDoc::InsertElement+0x9b
04 08c39cf8 63a3ca96 MSHTML!InsertDOMNodeHelper+0x154
05 08c39db8 63a3cc73 MSHTML!CElement::InsertBeforeHelper+0x22b
06 08c39ddc 63a3cff3 MSHTML!CElement::InsertBefore+0x2f
07 08c39e70 63a3cf06 MSHTML!CElement::Var_appendChild+0xb3
08 08c39ea0 6de5e6ee MSHTML!CFastDOM::CNode::Trampoline_appendChild+0x75
09 08c39f08 6de582cd jscript9!Js::JavascriptExternalFunction::ExternalFunctionThunk+0x101
0a 08c39f50 6df0833d jscript9!Js::JavascriptFunction::CallFunction<1>+0x91
0b 08c39f74 6dffc483 jscript9!Js::InterpreterStackFrame::OP_CallCommon<Js::OpLayoutDynamicProfile<Js::OpLayoutCallI> >+0x53
0c 08c39fa0 6dffc45c jscript9!Js::InterpreterStackFrame::OP_ProfileReturnTypeCallCommon<Js::OpLayoutDynamicProfile<Js::OpLayoutCallI> >+0x1c
0d 08c39fc0 6dffc428 jscript9!Js::InterpreterStackFrame::OP_ProfiledReturnTypeCallI<Js::OpLayoutCallI>+0x2a
0e 08c3a1b0 6dee5371 jscript9!Js::InterpreterStackFrame::Process+0x4e90
0f 08c3a1e8 6dee53d0 jscript9!Js::InterpreterStackFrame::OP_TryCatch+0x49
10 08c3a3d8 6de5c96b jscript9!Js::InterpreterStackFrame::Process+0x39dc
11 08c3bde4 0d8c0fd9 jscript9!Js::InterpreterStackFrame::InterpreterThunk<1>+0x1ce
WARNING: Frame IP not in any known module. Following frames may be wrong.
12 08c3bdf0 6de5c22d 0xd8c0fd9
13 08c3bfe8 6de5c96b jscript9!Js::InterpreterStackFrame::Process+0x1940
14 08c3c104 0d8c0fe1 jscript9!Js::InterpreterStackFrame::InterpreterThunk<1>+0x1ce
15 08c3c110 6de582cd 0xd8c0fe1
16 08c3c158 6de58a05 jscript9!Js::JavascriptFunction::CallFunction<1>+0x91
17 08c3c1cc 6de5893f jscript9!Js::JavascriptFunction::CallRootFunction+0xc1
18 08c3c214 6de588bf jscript9!ScriptSite::CallRootFunction+0x42
19 08c3c244 6de5d0f0 jscript9!ScriptSite::Execute+0x61
1a 08c3c2a0 6de5d02c jscript9!ScriptEngineBase::ExecuteInternal<0>+0xbb
1b 08c3c2b8 63a362a4 jscript9!ScriptEngineBase::Execute+0x1c
1c 08c3c374 63a3613e MSHTML!CListenerDispatch::InvokeVar+0x15a
1d 08c3c3a0 63a35e01 MSHTML!CListenerDispatch::Invoke+0x6d
1e 08c3c440 6398e7d2 MSHTML!CEventMgr::_InvokeListeners+0x1fe
1f 08c3c5b4 639d2863 MSHTML!CEventMgr::Dispatch+0x3bb
20 08c3c5dc 63eadc91 MSHTML!CEventMgr::DispatchEvent+0x90
21 08c3c5f0 63e94da9 MSHTML!CSVGElement::Fire_SVGLoad+0x46
22 08c3c608 63eadc43 MSHTML!CSVGSVGElement::Fire_SVGLoad+0x19
23 08c3c620 63dafdc1 MSHTML!CSVGElement::Fire_SVGLoad_Async_Handler+0x23
24 08c3c64c 6398f25c MSHTML!CAsyncEventQueue::DispatchAllEvents+0x41c3ea
25 08c3c6a0 771462fa MSHTML!GlobalWndProc+0x2d3
26 08c3c7bc 00a3ee48 user32!InternalCallWinProc+0x23
27 08c3c7c0 076bafe0 0xa3ee48
28 08c3c7c4 00000000 0x76bafe0
    ################################################################################################
  (15e4.1634): Access violation - code c0000005 (!!! second chance !!!)
eax=00000000 ebx=22a98fa0 ecx=00000061 edx=000000c1 esi=22a96fac edi=0969c384
eip=63916681 esp=0969c1d8 ebp=0969c200 iopl=0         nv up ei pl zr na pe nc
cs=0023  ss=002b  ds=002b  es=002b  fs=0053  gs=002b             efl=00010246
MSHTML!CMarkup::BuildDescendentsList+0x158:
63916681 81b828030000609ffd63 cmp dword ptr [eax+328h],offset MSHTML!__vtguard (63fd9f60) ds:002b:00000328=????????
0:008> k
 # ChildEBP RetAddr  
00 0969c200 6384f86d MSHTML!CMarkup::BuildDescendentsList+0x158
01 0969c350 639b1597 MSHTML!CMarkup::Notify+0x17b
02 0969c3b8 639b1431 MSHTML!CMarkup::OnLoadStatusDone+0x14b
03 0969c3cc 639b078b MSHTML!CMarkup::OnLoadStatus+0xfa
04 0969c810 639aa322 MSHTML!CProgSink::DoUpdate+0x4c7
05 0969c81c 6382e541 MSHTML!CProgSink::OnMethodCall+0x12
06 0969c868 6382de4a MSHTML!GlobalWndOnMethodCall+0x16d
07 0969c8b8 771462fa MSHTML!GlobalWndProc+0x2e5
08 0969c8e4 77146d3a user32!InternalCallWinProc+0x23
09 0969c95c 771477c4 user32!UserCallWinProcCheckWow+0x109
0a 0969c9bc 7714788a user32!DispatchMessageWorker+0x3b5
0b 0969c9cc 6ce3f7c8 user32!DispatchMessageW+0xf
0c 0969fb98 6cf8f738 IEFRAME!CTabWindow::_TabWindowThreadProc+0x464
0d 0969fc58 7732e61c IEFRAME!LCIETab_ThreadProc+0x37b
0e 0969fc70 72f93991 iertutil!_IsoThreadProc_WrapperToReleaseScope+0x1c
0f 0969fca8 764b336a IEShims!NS_CreateThread::DesktopIE_ThreadProc+0x94
10 0969fcb4 778a9902 kernel32!BaseThreadInitThunk+0xe
11 0969fcf4 778a98d5 ntdll!__RtlUserThreadStart+0x70
12 0969fd0c 00000000 ntdll!_RtlUserThreadStart+0x1b
  ################################################################################################
  FAILURE_BUCKET_ID:  NULL_CLASS_PTR_READ_AVRF_c0000005_MSHTML.dll!Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay
BUCKET_ID:  APPLICATION_FAULT_NULL_CLASS_PTR_READ_INVALID_POINTER_READ_AFTER_CALL_AVRF_MSHTML!Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay+19
FAILURE_EXCEPTION_CODE:  c0000005
FAILURE_IMAGE_NAME:  MSHTML.dll
  --
  (d98.d24): Access violation - code c0000005 (first chance)
First chance exceptions are reported before any exception handling.
This exception may be expected and handled.
MSHTML!Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay+0x1f:
555ae81a 81b81804000080380100 cmp dword ptr [eax+418h],13880h ds:002b:00000418=????????
1:022:x86> r
eax=00000000 ebx=204d6b40 ecx=10ba9500 edx=00000001 esi=204d6b40 edi=10ba9500
eip=555ae81a esp=0535d3f8 ebp=0535d454 iopl=0         nv up ei pl zr na pe nc
cs=0023  ss=002b  ds=002b  es=002b  fs=0053  gs=002b             efl=00010246
MSHTML!Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay+0x1f:
555ae81a 81b81804000080380100 cmp dword ptr [eax+418h],13880h ds:002b:00000418=????????
1:022:x86> kb
 # ChildEBP RetAddr  Args to Child              
00 0535d400 55d882b4 00000000 19540000 148ca2d0 MSHTML!Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay+0x1f
01 0535d454 55d547e9 148ca2a0 0535d4c8 204c7770 MSHTML!Tree::Notify_TextRangeHighlighted+0x140
02 0535d4ac 55d55337 204c7770 204c7720 00000000 MSHTML!CSelectionRenderingServiceProvider::InvalidateSegment+0x148
03 0535d4ec 5582e569 148ca270 00000001 19070980 MSHTML!CSelectionRenderingServiceProvider::PrivateClearSegment+0x106
04 0535d504 556a24db 049c8000 148ca270 00000200 MSHTML!CDoc::RemoveSegment+0x39
05 0535d52c 5529fe11 0535d55c 5529fdd0 11ef40b0 MSHTML!CSelTrackServices::ClearSelection+0x401d83
06 0535d548 555e656d 00000000 00000001 00000001 MSHTML!CSelectTracker::BecomeDormant+0x41
07 0535d568 555f8288 00000000 00000001 00000001 MSHTML!CSelectionManager::HibernateTracker+0x2b
08 0535d590 55f054b1 00000000 00000001 0000000c MSHTML!CSelectionManager::EnsureDefaultTrackerPassive+0x51
09 0535d5c8 557f8eda 0535d630 555e9c37 00000000 MSHTML!CSelectionManager::DoPendingElementExit+0x429
0a 0535d5d0 555e9c37 00000000 5555c8fa 00000000 MSHTML!CSelectionManager::DoPendingTasks+0x20f28e
0b 0535d5d8 5555c8fa 00000000 1b034680 00000000 MSHTML!CSelectionManager::EnsureEditContext+0x20
0c 0535d630 5555c80e 0000000c 00000000 00000000 MSHTML!CSelectionManager::Notify+0x7c
0d 0535d654 5555c7a5 1b034680 0000000c 00000000 MSHTML!CHTMLEditor::Notify+0x51
0e 0535d670 5555c5fd 1b034680 0000000c 00000000 MSHTML!CHTMLEditorProxy::Notify+0x35
0f 0535d698 555e7edb 0000000c 00000000 00000000 MSHTML!CDoc::NotifySelection+0x4f
10 0535d92c 555e5c91 00000000 555e5c50 555e5c50 MSHTML!CCaret::UpdateScreenCaret+0xbe
11 0535d940 555baffb 10b7d8f0 049c8000 0000011f MSHTML!CCaret::DeferredUpdateCaret+0x41
12 0535d9bc 555bb394 d836afd1 00008002 00000000 MSHTML!GlobalWndOnMethodCall+0x21b
13 0535da08 75a9be6b 00190984 00008002 00000000 MSHTML!GlobalWndProc+0xe4
14 0535da34 75a9833a 555bb2b0 00190984 00008002 USER32!_InternalCallWinProc+0x2b
15 0535db1c 75a97bee 555bb2b0 00000000 00008002 USER32!UserCallWinProcCheckWow+0x3aa
16 0535db98 75a979d0 b9836150 0535fd34 5643485f USER32!DispatchMessageWorker+0x20e
17 0535dba4 5643485f 0535dbe0 00e4b470 008ff230 USER32!DispatchMessageW+0x10
18 0535fd34 56433e60 0535fe00 56433a50 00e433e8 IEFRAME!CTabWindow::_TabWindowThreadProc+0x46f
19 0535fdf4 5bdcb61c 00e4b470 0535fe18 56488ce0 IEFRAME!LCIETab_ThreadProc+0x410
1a 0535fe0c 5bd6e6cd 00e433e8 5bd6e640 5bd6e640 msIso!_IsoThreadProc_WrapperToReleaseScope+0x1c
1b 0535fe44 77648484 0089c570 77648460 f7de4b1c IEShims!NS_CreateThread::AutomationIE_ThreadProc+0x8d
1c 0535fe58 77a7305a 0089c570 005c205f 00000000 KERNEL32!BaseThreadInitThunk+0x24
1d 0535fea0 77a7302a ffffffff 77a8ec8b 00000000 ntdll_77a10000!__RtlUserThreadStart+0x2f
1e 0535feb0 00000000 5bd6e640 0089c570 00000000 ntdll_77a10000!_RtlUserThreadStart+0x1b
1:022:x86> .exr -1
ExceptionAddress: 555ae81a (MSHTML!Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay+0x0000001f)
   ExceptionCode: c0000005 (Access violation)
  ExceptionFlags: 00000000
NumberParameters: 2
   Parameter[0]: 00000000
   Parameter[1]: 00000418
Attempt to read from address 00000418
1:022:x86> ub
MSHTML!Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay+0x7:
555ae802 f7460800001000  test    dword ptr [esi+8],100000h
555ae809 756e            jne     MSHTML!Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay+0x7e (555ae879)
555ae80b 8bc6            mov     eax,esi
555ae80d 8b38            mov     edi,dword ptr [eax]
555ae80f 85ff            test    edi,edi
555ae811 7462            je      MSHTML!Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay+0x7a (555ae875)
555ae813 8bcf            mov     ecx,edi
555ae815 e8b664d5ff      call    MSHTML!CElement::GetMarkupPtr (55304cd0)
1:022:x86> 
MSHTML!TSmartPointer<CFilterNativeInfo>::operator&+0x12:
555ae7f3 50              push    eax
555ae7f4 e8a7f9c6ff      call    MSHTML!CFilterNativeInfo::Release (5521e1a0)
555ae7f9 ebf4            jmp     MSHTML!TSmartPointer<CFilterNativeInfo>::operator&+0xe (555ae7ef)
MSHTML!Tree::Notify_InvalidateDisplay:
555ae7fb 8bff            mov     edi,edi
555ae7fd 53              push    ebx
555ae7fe 56              push    esi
555ae7ff 8bf1            mov     esi,ecx
555ae801 57              push    edi
1.1.11-prod (www02)